Research papers on ethics

Gender Studies. This seminar will afford researchers with the opportunity to consider futuwwa in two contexts simultaneously: Islamic virtue ethics and its moral vocabulary , the study of gender in Islamic intellectual history. Requirements and Deadline a Please submit a draft of your paper for consideration no later than October 1, Drafts should be 2, to 7, words in length and written in either English or Arabic.

They should be sent to this email. These should be between 7, and 10, words, f Questions about the theme or scope of this symposium should be sent to Dr. Cyrus Zargar. Call for Papers. Call for Papers Islamic Ethics. Call for Research Papers. Islamic Virtue Ethics.

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Add new comment Comment. About text formats. Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically. Three theories have predominated in the history of ethical principles 3. Deontological theory was introduced in the 18th century by Kant.


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This theory addresses the morality or the ethics of an action in relation to absolute rules that have been established within society. For example, it would be unethical for a clinician to misrepresent research results or provide an intervention approach or product that has not been shown to have an evidence-based result. Consequentialist theory involves the consequences of the path of action used to solve a dilemma 4. For example, if the chosen path to solve a dilemma is unethical, consequences may result in a negative outcome. In this case, the consequences of falsifying results may include wasted funding, loss of reputation, or harmful effects.

Pragmatic theory evolved in the 20th century.

This theory contends that morality evolves over time and is strongly correlated with the development of scientific knowledge. Through attendance at conferences and reading research in evidence-based journals, students and professionals can follow the progress in the ever-changing landscape of scientific research. The main ethical duties of researchers derive from universal scientific ethical values 5.

Bioethics is a shared and reflective examination of the moral and ethical issues that emerge from health care, health science, and health policy.

A White Paper on Publication Ethics in Philosophy - Daily Nous

These factors play a role in classroom and media discussions. There is an intrinsic commitment for the researcher to respect the presuppositions of scientific communication, as well as the disclosure of qualified results 6. At the international level, several universities have required that researchers conduct research according to high standards of honesty, rigor, transparency, open communication, and respect for all participants and subjects studied 7.

A Conversation About Research Ethics

Most professions are ruled by a Code of Ethics. Ethical conduct consists of behaviors and decisions that benefit patients. Within ethical thought, a decision-making process involves the consideration of alternative paths of action, along with a consideration of potential responses or outcomes related to each path. Negative consequences may result if the chosen path of action conflicts with ethical principles 8. Despite the universal recognition of integrity and ethical behaviors, there have been instances of unethical conduct.

An investigation found that this research had never been conducted and that supporting data for the supposed research were absent. Further investigation found fraudulent application for public and private funding while presenting false reports on research progress. An investigation found that there were at least 30 allegations of research misconduct between Data obtained under the Freedom of Information rules identified hundreds of allegations at 23 universities over a similar time period.

These examples point to a growing concern across the globe regarding research integrity and ethical conduct.

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The Ethics of Manuscript Authorship: Best Practices for Attribution

Thus, it is important that universities and institutions educate students, confirm that there is an ethical committee approval for research, and review the research efforts to determine ethical conduct. Another area of unethical conduct is associated with predatory journals Predatory journals are those that accept papers with no interest in quality or ethical research. These journals lack peer review and surprise authors with payment charges after publication.

It is estimated that 18, funded biomedical research studies can be found in questionable journals, with less than half of research studies reporting approval from an ethics committee Scientific research must be based on scientific procedures that are appropriate to the questions of the research.

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Questions must provide relevant knowledge, avoid unnecessary replication, and have technical or theoretical support that leads to the ability to replicate studies. The author must also report authorship contributions and follow international guidelines. The research disclosed must be cautiously planned and written, with methodological and ethical rigor International agencies have recently required that funded studies release the data they have collected for public use.

In addition, they require that this information be available for checking by outside parties to determine ethical research. Although the training of health professionals focuses on clinical practice, it is important that these topics be understood whether these individuals conduct research. This theme extends beyond research and affects the performance of professionals in contemporary society, regardless of whether it is in management, clinic or research. In addition, it is important to understand biostatistics, to check if the research statistical analysis draws a false conclusion.

The World Health Organization provides guidelines for research that describe research ethics These guidelines state that research must adhere to ethical principles to protect the dignity, rights, and welfare of research participants.


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To achieve this goal, research involving humans should be reviewed by an ethics committee to ensure that the appropriate ethical standards are being upheld. To consolidate a high-level scientific community, it is important to encourage continuing education and national and international collaboration to share and develop knowledge.

Creativity, ethics, and integrity in research practices are essential 2. In the world, the approach to these practices has been a recurring theme in the agendas of scientific policies of main research centers 1 , 2. Steneck NH.